How To Grow Peanuts In Your Garden
Peanuts prefer a lengthy, warm growing season and are normally planted from late spring to mid-summer (after the ғᴇᴀʀ of frost has gone). Plant peanuts in well-draining, sandy soil rich in organic matter such as leaves, compost, or well-rotted manure for growing them. They must also be planted in a sunny area. Peanut varieties have different planting requirements. There are two types of peanuts: bunch and runner.
Peanut varieties have different planting requirements. There are two types of peanuts: bunch and runner. Runner-type peanuts have a vining growth pattern and require slightly more garden space than bunch-type peanuts. Three to five seeds are usually planted 2-3 inches (5-7.5 cm) deep, with rows at least 24 inches (61 cm) apart and spacing 7-8 inches (18-20.5 cm).
Bunch-type types, which include Virginia variations, are sown 1 12-2 inches (4-5 cm) deep and 6-8 inches (15-20.5 cm) apart. A layer of mulch, such as straw, can be placed once seedlings have reached about six inches (15 cm) in height to help keep weeds at bay. Because calcium is necessary for the growth and development of pods, gypsum may be added to the soil once flowering begins. Weekly soaking is also necessary to keep the pods from drying out.
Peanuts typically flower six to eight weeks after planting. Flowers bloom near the ground on bunch plants and along the runners on vining varieties. The pods develop below earth as the plants flower above ground. The stem begins to bend downward as the bʟᴏssoms fade, carrying the pods to the ground. Because peanuts bloom for several weeks (up to three months), the pods mature at different times. Two to three peanuts are produced per pod.
Peanuts are generally ready to harvest 120-150 days after planting, give or take. Peanuts are often harvested in the late summer/early fall, when the foliage turns yellow. The hull color of mature peanuts changes from wʜɪᴛe to yellow to dark brown or black. By scraping the middle of the pods with a sharp knife, you may determine whether the peanuts are mature. They’re ready to harvest when the hull turns dark brown to black.
Dig up the plants carefully and shake off any extra soil. Then hang the peanuts upside down in a warm, dry area for two to four weeks to dry. When they’re dry, store them in mesh bags in a well-ventilated area until ready to roast. The optimum time to boil peanuts is right after digging and before drying.