Learn About Interesting Facts Of Breadfruit Trees

Learn About Interesting Facts Of Breadfruit Trees

Native to the Malayan Archipelago, breadfruit gained considerable notoriety in 1788 when it was associated with Captain Bligh’s illustrious ship, the Bounty. Thousands of breadfruit trees were on board the Bounty when it sailed for the West Indies islands. From June through October, and occasionally all year long, the fruit is cultivated in South Florida in the United States or imported from the West Indies, mainly Jᴀᴍᴀɪᴄᴀ. It can be purchased in regional specialty markets.

The breadfruit tree grows to a height of approximately 85 feet (26 meters), and its leaves are broad, thick, and deeply notched. When the tree is chopped down in its entirety, a milky substance known as latex is produced. Boat caulking is one of the many uses for this latex. The trees have blooms on them that are both male and female. First come male bʟᴏssoms, which are pollinated a few days later, then female blooms.

The final fruit is approximately 8 inches (20.5 cm) in diameter and 6 to 8 inches (15-20.5 cm) in length. The thin, green skin is mottled with irregular bumps in the shape of polygons as it ripens into a more light green with some reddish-brown regions. When the fruit is green or under-ripe, it is hard and starchy like a potato; when it is mature, it is wʜɪᴛe inside and starchy.

The majority of the time, breadfruit is used as a vegetable. When cooked, it has a musky, fruity flavor that is surprisingly mild and pairs nicely with strong foods like curries. Ripe breadfruit can be as liquid as ripe brie cheese or have a texture similar to that of an avocado. One of the food plants with the largest global yields is the breadfruit. Up to 200 or even more gʀᴀᴘᴇfruit-sized fruits can be produced by a single tree per season. Productivity varies depending on whether a farming area is wet or dry. The potassium-rich fruit can be cooked, steamed, baked, or fried and is prepared similarly to a potato. To get rid of the latex or wʜɪᴛe, starchy sap, soak breadfruit for about 30 minutes before using.

The breadfruit tree’s ᴄʟᴏsᴇ kinship to both the “jackfruit” and the “breadnut” makes for yet another intriguing breadfruit tree fact. Although it may be spotted as high as 5,090 feet, this equatorial lowland species is mostly found below elevations of 2,130 feet (650 meters) (1550 m.). Sand, sandy loam, loam, or sandy clay soil that is neutral to alkaline will support its growth. Even salty soils are tolerated by it.

Because they were so enthralled with the plant, the Polynesian peoples traveled large distances across the oceans carrying root cuttings and air-layered plants. They employed light, termite-resistant timber for canoes and structures in addition to breadfruit as a significant food source. In addition to being used as caulking material, the tree’s sticky latex was also used to catch birds. The wood pulp was used to make paper and for theʀᴀᴘᴇutic purposes.

Breadfruit can be added to or substituted for poi, the staple food of the Hawaiian people that is traditionally produced from taro root. Poi ulu is the name given to the resulting breadfruit poi. Capric, undecanoic, and lauric acid are three substances or saturated fatty acids that have recently been found to be more effective insect repellents than DEET. Despite the breadfruit’s historical and cultural significance, we are constantly discovering new applications for this incredibly adaptable plant.


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